Ozobot (ozobot.com) is a tiny one inch diameter line-traveling robot that can be used in conjunction with PocketLab to easily study the physics concepts of position, velocity, and acceleration and their time graphs. PocketLab is simply taped to the top of an Ozobot using double-sided mounting tape. In other words, Ozobot gives Pocket lab a ride. The photo below shows this setup, with Ozobot following a 1/4" heavy black line drawn with a chisel tip marking pen.
Do you have two PocketLab Maker Kit carts, and do you have the free VelocityLab app? Then you are all set to do some experiments in conservation of momentum with PocketLab! This lab discusses how to setup and perform an inelastic collision in which one cart (A) is moving toward another cart (B) that is at rest. When cart A hits cart B, they stick and move off together. The photo below shows the two carts shortly before the collision would occur. PocketLab is mounted on a front wheel of cart A. Small pieces of wood are stuck to the carts and protrude further than the wheels. Some thic
A well-known conservation of momentum experiment that has been around for many years involves dropping a brick onto a horizontally moving cart. With PocketLab and the VelocityLab app, your students can perform this experiment easily with the cart from the PocketLab Maker Kit and a small block of wood. The snapshot below shows the setup with the author about to drop the block of wood onto the cart coming from the left. A pair of rails, with inside separation just a little larger than the axle of the carts, was constructed with thin balsa wood sticks. This is optional but does help to kee
Do you have two carts from the PocketLab Maker Kits? Do you have two PocketLabs? You probably have at least two students in your physics class with iPhones. Do they have the VelocityLap app installed on their iPhones? Then you have the major components for your students to investigate conservation of momentum when two carts on a track "explode".
With gas prices as high as they are and having a growing concern for the environment, Americans today are becoming conscious about things they can do to improve fuel efficiency. Many realize that driving at the posted speed limits promotes both safety and reduces the rate at which fuel is consumed. With these things in mind, some have purchased hybrid vehicles including the Toyota Prius, all-electric vehicles such as the Nissan LEAF, or range-extending vehicles such as the Chevy Volt. Those with EV's soon realize that they get more miles per charge if they avoid driving at excessively hi
PocketLab makes is quite easy to investigate and verify the inverse cube law for the magnetic field of a neodymium magnet as a function of distance from the magnet. All that is needed in addition to The PocketLab is a centimeter ruler, small neodymium magnet, a small block of wood and a little double stick tape. The photo below shows how the neodymium magnet is taped to the block of wood with the magnet located at the 10 cm mark on the NSTA ruler. The height of the center of the magnet is at about the height of the circuit board inside of PocketLab. The X on the front face of PocketLab
One of the classes of problems dealing with magnetic fields concerns the production of a magnetic field by a current-carrying conductor or by moving charges. It was Oersted who discovered back in the early 1800's that currents produce magnetic effects. The quantitative relationship between the magnetic field strength and the current was later embodied in Ampere's Law, an extension of which made by Maxwell is one of the four basic equations of electromagnetism.
In this lesson students will find that a current-carrying loop can be regarded as a magnetic dipole, as it generates a magnetic field for points on its axis. The figure below shows a diagram and the equation for the magnetic field B. Derivation of this equation requries knowledge of the Biot-Savart Law, calculus and trigonometry. But in this lesson we are interested only in comparing experimental results from PocketLab's magnetometer to the theoretical equation in the figure below. More advanced students can consider derivation of the equation, if they wish.
This experiment allows one to do a quantitative investigation of the damped harmonic motion of a swinging pendulum. The pendulum is a piece of wood about a yard long from a Michael's hobby shop one end of which has been attached to a PocketLab by a rubber band. The other end is taped to the top of a doorway, allowing the resultant pendulum to swing back-and-forth as shown in the image below.
PocketLab is a perfect device for determining the quantitative relationship between the length of a pendulum and its period of oscillation. Pendulums of known lengths were made from balsa wood strips such as those available from Michaels and other hobby stores. The photo below shows six such pendulums of lengths 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 cm alongside a meter stick. The picture shows that PocketLab was taped with double-stick mounting tape to the pendulum whose length is 45 cm.